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Environments Affect Employees’ Physical and Mental Well-being

The workplace environment can significantly impact employees’ physical and mental well-being. Many companies are beginning to invest in creating healthy and safe workspaces to improve employee performance, retention, and overall well-being. In this blog, we will take a closer look at the different ways in which workplace environments can affect employees’ physical and mental health and what companies can do to create a safer and healthier workspace.


Lighting plays a crucial role in our physical and mental well-being. The wrong type of lighting or insufficient light can cause eye strain, headaches, and fatigue. Moreover, poorly lit workspaces can lead to depression and mood disorders, which can result in absenteeism and decreased job performance. Employers can ensure adequate lighting by choosing appropriate fixtures and light bulbs. According to the Illuminating Engineering Society, a workspace should have 30-50 footcandles (a unit of light measurement) for general office work, and 150-200 footcandles for tasks that require greater visual acuity, such as reading or writing.

Natural light is also important as it can have a positive impact on mood, sleep cycles and energy levels. Studies have shown that exposure to natural light can reduce stress levels, lower blood pressure and improve sleep quality. Employers can increase natural light exposure by removing barriers that block natural light sources, opening blinds and installing skylights.

One innovative approach to lighting design that has become increasingly popular in recent years is circadian lighting. This approach seeks to simulate the natural rhythms of daylight, providing employees with a more natural and energizing work environment. Companies like Acuity Brands and Delos have been leading the way in circadian lighting development, with Delos even creating a “wellness room” that incorporates circadian lighting technology, as well as aromatherapy, sound and air quality.


Temperature is another crucial factor to consider when it comes to employee health and productivity. According to a study published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, temperature can have a direct impact on workplace performance. The same study also found that employees working in extreme temperatures, either too hot or too cold, are at risk of developing respiratory problems and illnesses such as bronchitis, asthma, and pneumonia. Employers should aim to maintain a temperature range between 68-76°F. This range is considered optimal for employee comfort and performance. Companies should also consider investing in energy-efficient heating and cooling systems, such as insulation or smart thermostats, to maintain a consistent temperature throughout the workspace without compromising air quality.

One aspect of temperature that is often overlooked is humidity. Proper humidity levels help to prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria. Additionally, maintaining an appropriate level of humidity can prevent dry skin, eyes, and throat. The ideal humidity level in the workspace should generally be between 30-60%.


Noise can affect employee productivity by increasing stress levels and reducing the ability to concentrate. A study conducted by the World Health Organization found that prolonged exposure to high levels of noise can cause hearing loss, cardiovascular disease, and mental health disorders such as anxiety and depression. Employers can reduce workplace noise levels by creating designated quiet areas or implementing sound-absorbing materials such as carpets, drapes or wall panels. Another effective solution is the use of noise-cancelling headphones, which allow employees to work in a more focused and relaxed environment.

Some companies are taking a unique approach to noise reduction by incorporating white noise technologies, such as sound masking or soundscapes. These technologies work by emitting a gentle background noise that masks louder sounds, helping to improve concentration and productivity.

Air Quality

Air quality is another critical factor to consider when it comes to employee health and productivity. Poor air quality can cause headaches, fatigue, and respiratory problems such as allergies, asthma, and lung cancer. Furthermore, pollutants such as carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, and asbestos can cause long-term illnesses and, in extreme cases, even death. Employers can ensure good air quality by installing proper ventilation systems, using air purifiers, and conducting regular air quality assessments. Industrial workplaces such as factories, laboratories, or construction sites should implement safety measures such as wearing protective equipment, using dust and fume collectors, and checking for hazardous materials before starting work.


Ergonomics refers to the design of workspaces, tools, and furniture to ensure maximum comfort and safety for employees. Poor ergonomics can lead to musculoskeletal disorders such as carpal tunnel syndrome, tendinitis and lower back pain. These conditions can result in absenteeism, decreased productivity, and increased healthcare costs. Employers can create an ergonomic workplace by providing adjustable chairs, desks, and monitors that cater to individual employee needs. Companies can also provide training on proper posture, stretching and other ergonomic practices to help reduce the risk of ergonomic-related injuries.

Mental Health

In addition to physical health, the workplace environment can also affect an employee’s mental health. According to a study published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, workers who report low job satisfaction or high levels of job strain are more likely to experience depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues. Employers can promote good mental health by providing supportive and positive work environments, fostering open and effective communication, and promoting work-life balance. Companies can also offer mental health resources such as EAP (employee assistance programs) or on-site counseling services to help employees manage mental health challenges.

Color Psychology

Color psychology is the study of how colors affect human behavior and emotions. The color scheme of a workspace can impact employee mood, productivity and overall work experience. Certain colors have been known to promote specific emotions and behaviors, such as blue for relaxation, green for balance and harmony, and yellow for energy and optimism. Companies can use color psychology to create a workspace environment that promotes productivity, creativity, and positive emotions.

For example, blue has been shown to promote relaxation and reduce stress, making it a good choice for areas where employees need to focus and concentrate, such as conference rooms or quiet areas. Green has been associated with feelings of calm and balance, making it beneficial in areas where employees may feel anxious or stressed, such as waiting rooms or break rooms. Yellow has been linked to feelings of energy and creativity, making it a good choice for areas where employees need to feel inspired, such as brainstorming rooms or creative spaces.


Workspaces that incorporate greenery and nature have been known to promote employee well-being and reduce stress. Studies have shown that employees working in a green environment are more productive, creative, and report higher job satisfaction. Plants can also help to purify the air and reduce the level of toxins in the workspace. Employers can incorporate plants in the workspace by creating designated green spaces, providing planters, or encouraging employees to bring in their plants.

One innovative approach to incorporating greenery in the workspace is biophilic design. This design approach seeks to connect people to nature by incorporating natural elements such as water, plants, and natural light into built environments. Companies like Microsoft and Amazon have been incorporating biophilic design elements into their offices to improve employee well-being and creativity.

Flexible Work Environment

Flexible workspace options such as remote work or flexible hours can increase employee productivity and job satisfaction. Studies have shown that employees who have the flexibility to work from home or choose their own hours are more engaged, loyal and report higher job satisfaction. Flexible work options can also help reduce commuter stress, minimize traffic and increase overall work-life balance.


Technology has become an integral part of the modern workplace. However, poorly designed technology or over-reliance on technology can negatively affect employee well-being. Poorly designed technology can cause eyestrain and headaches. Over-reliance on technology can also lead to reduced physical activity, increased sedentary behavior and weight gain. Employers can promote healthy technology use by providing ergonomic equipment, encouraging regular breaks, and promoting physical activity both inside and outside the workplace.

One innovative approach to incorporating technology into the workspace is gamification. This approach seeks to use game design principles to motivate and engage employees in workplace tasks. Gamification can help to promote healthy habits such as taking frequent breaks, staying hydrated, and walking throughout the day. Companies like Google and Cisco have used gamification techniques to improve employee health and productivity.


Creating a healthy and safe work environment is essential for the well-being of employees and the success of a company. By prioritizing factors such as lighting, temperature, noise, air quality, ergonomics, mental health, color psychology, greenery, flexible work environment and technology, companies can create workspaces that are conducive to productivity, innovation, and overall well-being. Successful implementation of healthy workplace strategies can have positive impacts on employee productivity, absenteeism and employee retention, ultimately benefiting the company’s bottom line. The importance of a healthy workplace cannot be overstated, and it is essential for companies to prioritize this aspect of their business.

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